What is Campylobacter
What is Campylobacter
The bacterias are very strong and widely spread microorganism. They survived all of the stages of our planet and they will be here long after we are gone. Bacterias are easy to spread and you can get easily get them if you are not too careful. Bacterias like Campylobacter are ofter found in food like meat such as cattle and paultry animal meat. Campylobacter is a type of bacteria that are microaerophilic, spiral shaped and gram negative. The quality of the food always was and is a big issue for our health. Since the food is a essential part of our lives bacteria of Campylobacter is one of the infections known. Campylobacter is responsible for most of the food poisoning in the world. This is the same case with both developed countries and third world countries. Althought the Campylobacter in developed countries is found more with children uder the age of two, while in the third world countries this bacteria is common with people of all ages. Campylobacter is causing milions food poisoning in the world every year and it can be fatal. Disaese caused by this bacteria is called “Campylobacteriosis”. This bacteria is passed mostly by oral use ( eating or through infected hands ).
Types of Campylobacter
There are a many species of this bacteria that is responsible for many human disease like Campylobacter coli, Campylobacter fetus and Compylobacter jejuni.
The bacteria that is most responsible for spontaneous sheep and catle abortions is Campylobacter fetus. It is also known to cause bacteriemie with adults that have history with diabetes and cirrhosis. This microorganism can cause infections which can be fatal.
Compylobacter jejuni can cause meningitis with the newborns infants and Compylobacter jejuni and Compylobacter coli cause diarrhea with newborn babies, children and adults.
Symptoms of Campylobacter
There are some usual symptoms to recognize the Campylobacter disaese such as severe diarrhoea ( sometimes can be bloody ), stool is watery, sever and painful stomach cramps and sometimes this Campylobacter bacteria can cause vomiting and fever. There are other symptoms that might indicate Campylobacter such as the feeling of nausea and if sometimes even dehydration can occur. Its common for these symptoms to last 2 to three days and it 9 to 10 days you can expect recover from this illness.
Symptoms of Campylobacter in children
If your child is showing symptoms from the list above and additional symptoms that include, a dry mouth, their urine amount is small, if their tongue and lips are dry, if they show weakness and if their eyes are being sunken you should take them to the doctor. There are even more severe symptoms of Campylobacter, such as cold hands and feets, drowsiness, mottled skin and fast rate of breathing. This calls for emergency medical treatment. Children that are not older then one year ( and even children not more then six months old ) are sensible to dehydration. This is really where you should worry about and seek for medical attention. If your infant does not want breast feeding, it might be because of the illness. Dehydration may occur with any child that has sever vomiting and diarrhoea, if their stool passing is more then six times whithin 24 hours.
Symptoms of Campylobacter in adults
Other then symptoms we have listed above, there are also dehydration symptoms while being ill infected with Campybacter. These symptoms might include: the feeling or tiredness, strong headacke every time you look at some light source, a dry tongue, a feeling of weakness. There are even more severe symptoms such as passing little amounts of urin, the feeling of confusion, and if your hart rate keeps increasing these are the symptoms where medical emergency is needed. There are certain groups where these symptoms are often occuring which are, eldery people and woman in their preagnecy.
How can you avoing getting sick by Campylobacter bacterie?
There are a lot of things you can do to prevent Campylobacter bacterie. With just a few things you can be safe from this disaese. Keep in mind that the most common way to get infected by Campylobacter bacterie is by eating meat and from other animal products. You can even get infected just by drinking contaminated water from the rivers and lakes. The sources of contamination can be both domestic and wild animals. If you follow few steps regulary you can be safe from Campylobacter. Ofcourse, personal hygiene is the most important prevention of all, wash your hands often with soap and other hand care products. Do not eat uncooked meats, cook them thoroughly until they are finished. This way you will kill Campylobacter bacteria completly. If you are using meat in soup or some other dish, boil the meat. Carefuly store your raw meet and keep it away from from any other raw meat or food. Clean every surface that were in near contact of any type of raw meat and poultry. Wash your hands after every activity that includes any kind of animal petting even if they are your home pets. If you are visiting a farm or any other place which includes a lot of animal always wash your hands before eating and drinking. Campylobacter can be contaminated in unpasteurised ( unprocessed ) milk as well. It can get infected during the process of milking sheeps, goats and cows. Do not eat any food over its expiration date even if its carefuly packed and vacuumed. Dry meat is not likely to get contaminated but never buy one that is not packed properly or vacuumed. If you are using a public transportation always wash and dry your hands after reaching your destination because public transportation is used by many on daily bases and some of them might be infected with Campylobacter bacteria. Avoid street fast food stands. Just think about it, they are right there on the street and often without any water source near by. Fruits and vegetables can be infected with Compylobacter as well, wash and dry them and it is recommended to peel them off first.
Tips for travelers
If you like to travel there are few things you should know. Compylobacter is a bacteria that can be easily be reproduced everywhere and they are evolving too fast like every other bacteria. If you are traveling to a places you do not know ( like Middle Eastern countries, countries in the East and Affrican countries ) always be careful on where you eat. If you travel to less developed countries remember that the restaurant inspections are very rare that that the quality of the meat and service might make you infected. Only go to the restaurants that are recommended by your travel agent or you can even check for the reviews about every place you are planning to visit online. This is the most efficient way to get informations.
Since Campylobacter is easily found in every corner of our Planet, WHO ( World Heath Organisation ) is enroled into developing difrent policies that invold the protection from Campylobacter bacteria and promoting food safety. In fact WHO is enhancing rules and policies that are included from every aspect of food production and food consumption. These policies and rules are designed both for small farms and food productions to big chains of food and restaurants. Every country that is a part of WHO organisation is obligated to follow these policies and make sure they are implemented and controlled. This includes special education of food production Managers to small farmer producers and food handlers. All of this is done to prevent illnesses and Campylobacter infections.